Bag Filtration Housings for the Oil & Gas Industry

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Salt Water Disposal Well Bag Filtration

"For every barrel of oil produced an average of 3 to 5 barrels of water is consumed".

A salt water disposal well is a disposal site for water produced as a result of the oil and gas extraction process. Produced water, also referred to as salt water, contains particulate which can cause problems for the pump bringing water into the well. Prior to injection into a salt water disposal well, it is highly beneficial for water filtration to be installed before the pump to prevent damage.

In the world of Salt Water Disposal Wells, protecting the well from intrusion by solids is a key need. Filtering the high solids present in produced and flowback water to a low micron level prior to injection in a high Total Suspended Solids water condition has proven to reduce the time between acid cleanings and flowback cleanings.

Filter Sciences bag filter systems (AKA: filter pots, filter pods, bag filter vessels) eliminate the need for backwash and disposal of environmentally suspect liquid waste, such as salt water, which is considered a hazardous material. It also offers the flexibility of changing the micron rating by simply changing out the bags. Stainless steel bag filter housings from Filter Sciences offer top-of-the-line filtration. Stocking both 304 and 316 stainless steel.

Filter bag housing, Filter pots, filter pods, bag filter vessel

The Filter Sciences Bag Filtration Housing Difference

  • Stainless steel housing
  • Prevents corrosion
  • Prevents rusting
  • No backwash or flowback
  • No process fluid loss
  • No bypass or fluid leakage
  • The Zero Discharge Solution
Now that's a valve! Painted in the National colors of the U.A.E. at ADIPEC in Abu Dhabi.
Now that's a valve! Painted in the National colors of the U.A.E. at ADIPEC in Abu Dhabi.

Where Our Liquid Bag Filter Housings Are Used in the Oil & Gas Industry:

  • Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Salt Water Disposal Wells
  • Wastewater
  • Power generation
  • Oil Bypass
  • Environmental Remediation
  • Cooling Tower Water
  • Recycling Frac Water

Superior Bag Filtration Housing Systems — An Industry Responsibility

Mining and mineral processing – The separation of solids and liquids is a critical process in the mining industry. Meeting safety and environmental regulations require industry managers to remove impurities to keep end-users safe. With increasingly strict process requirements, industry leaders need dependable bag filtration housing units with uncompromising quality standards.

Fracking for oil and gas – The hydraulic fracturing process uses quite a bit of water — upward of 3,000 to 9,000 gallons per well. A great deal of this water returns as flowback or backwash and must be recycled or disposed of. It is critical to the health and safety of the environment as well as the people and animals who may be exposed to fracking wastewater, that it is clean and safe. To help make the wastewater as pure as possible, bag filtration housing systems from Filter Sciences can help.

Recycling frack water – Large-scale industrial bag filtration housing systems allow for fracking wastewater to be recycled rather than disposed of. Recycled frack water can be used in fracking again or, once filtered, it can be used in irrigation and land applications. Depending on what was being fracked and what filtration processes are used, the recycled flowback water may even be treated to produce safe, clean drinking water.

At Filter Sciences, our bag filtration housing systems use the latest technology in filtration, made with the highest quality materials to produce a superior filtration system. Our stainless steel filter bag housing units prevent against corrosion, rusting, or leaking, meaning that the fluids that are put through the bag filtration systems come out cleaner than they entered without backwash.

Oil Bypass Liquid Bag Filter Housing

Oil does not wear out, it becomes contaminated. These contaminants cause wear and tear on your machinery, delaying production and causing safety concerns. With oil bypass liquid bag filter housing systems, you get the benefits including:

Prolonging operation safety
Minimizes mechanical wear
Prolongs component life
Reduces new-unused oil and full-flow filter purchases
Reduces waste oil and disposal costs
Reduces downtime

Our bag filtration housing systems are assembled in the US and are in stock, ready to ship. If you manage a hydraulic fracturing company or site, contact us for your free quote.

Liquid Management in the Oil & Gas Industry

The oil and gas industry, namely hydraulic fracturing and salt water disposal wells, are using industrial filtration more than ever to filter liquids in various stages of the process.

While fracking is a hot topic, it is an industry that has been around for more than half a century, and though it uses an exorbitant amount of water, throughout the decades, new and innovative protocols have been developed to better conserve water.

Filter Sciences supports the fracking industry by providing them the technology to better filter and reuse water to aid in the conservation efforts. Join us in today’s post as we take a deeper look into industrial filtration and frac water management.

From Upstream and Midstream, All The Way to Downstream Applications

There are various stages that fracking uses water, let’s dive into each of them below.

Upstream Wastewater: Saltwater Disposal

Fracking requires the disposal of salt water or produced water and along with it, the removal of grit and sand.

Upstream, Midstream, and Downstream: Filtration
This stage requires filtration and integration for the elimination of solids, water, and oil.

Upstream: Fracturing Water
Fracking water is produced from water that needs to be further filtrated to remove other solids and particulates that may hinder the fracking process — filter bags employed typically go down to 10 microns.

The Frac Sand

When companies begin drilling, water and sand are infused to the ground at a very high rate to essentially crack open the shale, where the natural gas and oil are housed. The sand is also known as “proppant.”

The fracking sand is much different than the sand you find on a nice sunny beach, in that it needs to be cleaned, screened, and washed. Because the demand for sand is so high, it’s a continual process to create clean and uniform sand to be used in breaking the shale.

What is there to wash from the sand?

The sand is rinsed clean of any minerals and clays before it’s pumped into the drill site — from here, the water is further processed through a filter press at a high flow rate.

The Frac Flowback Water

As the water and sand are pumped into the ground at a high rate, the drilling hole eventually fills with water and sand. When this is complete, the drill exits, and the water and sand and forced through pressure to return to the surface. One way to imagine this is by filling a balloon with water. As the balloon expands and fills through water pressure it stays put, but once it’s removed, the water comes spraying back out! This is essentially the fracking flow backwater. Beyond what comes back to the surface, there is also water underground known as produced water.

The water that surfaces through the fracking process may contain sodium, heavy metals, magnesium, barium, calcium, radioactive materials, and hydrocarbons — this must all be filtered and purified before it can be reused. A typical frack job uses anywhere from three to five gallons and roughly one-third of that will return to the surface.

How water is both filtered and treated is important to the fracking industry because not only is it important to conserve and reuse water for ecological sustainability, it’s vital to keep the water safe, and particulate-free.


Fracking & Salt Water Disposal Well Filtration With Filter Sciences

At Filter Sciences, we provide an innovative, stainless steel filter bag housings that complement many filter media, making them work with the intricacies of the hydraulic fracturing industry.

Not only can we assist in the standard process of total suspended solids, particulate, and inorganic material, we can help guide your operation towards optimal efficiency for filtration equipment that does exactly what you need.

Partner with us today and discover why our industrial filtration is right for your industry!

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